Fairbanks has a variety of accommodations; from well-known chains downtown to others quietly tucked away from town.
Police said no further information about the victims would be released.
Biologists from the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and a state park ranger followed the bear's tracks for about three hours before calling off the search for the animal, which is believed to have suffered a minor injury from the gunshots, officials said.
When male pectoral sandpipers arrive at their breeding grounds in northern Alaska, they already have a long trip behind them.
The Ketchikan Daily News reported the whale was about 20 feet long.
The ship, with a capacity of 2,600 passengers and a crew of 1,150, was starting its third day of a 10-day round-trip cruise that originated in San Francisco.