The cuts are the means to an end themselves — they provide a source of immediate but non-serious physical pain (as long as they are allowed to heal cleanly).Other forms of self-injury include burning, or keeping old wounds open or inviting infection in them to keep them painful. She searched for self-injury Websites, and compiled what she found into a 13-page Website of her own.Yet despite the seriousness of this behavior, many nurses are uncertain about self-injury’s diagnostic implications or the best methods for treating it.Self-injury has, until recently, been understudied and overlooked but is now emerging as a major clinical and public health concern.Combining several types of self-injury into one general behavior may make it difficult to determine different reasons for each behavior. For example, if a child engages in wrist-biting and excessive self-scratching, there may be different a reason for each behavior (see Edelson, Taubman and Lovaas, 1983).
Finally, people sometimes self injure because it can take them out of a difficult situation that causes stress. The only treatment that has been shown to be effective in a scientific study is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT).
Cutting is the most common form of self-injury — making skin-deep cuts on one’s arms, wrists, or less noticeable areas on one’s body.
The cuts are not meant to cause permanent damage or harm, nor are they meant as a suicidal gesture.
Self-injury is commonly confused with suicidal behavior in schools, emergency rooms, and other settings and this course helps nurses distinguish when there is suicidal intent and when the behavior is non-suicidal.
Self-injury behavior can result in serious medical complications and is a known risk factor for later suicidal behavior.