C at all if they really were over a billion years old, yet the radiocarbon lab reported that there was over 10 times the detection limit.
Thus they had a radiocarbon ‘age’ far less than a million years!
"Radiocarbon ages" are calculated from f M using the exponential decay relation and the "Libby half-life" 5568 a.
The ages are expressed in years before present (BP) where "present" is defined as AD 1950.
Wiens has a Ph D in Physics, with a minor in Geology.
His Ph D thesis was on isotope ratios in meteorites, including surface exposure dating.
The cloth itself is believed by some to be the burial shroud he was wrapped in when he was buried after crucifixion although three radiocarbon dating tests in 1988 dated a sample of the cloth to the Middle Ages.It has become increasingly clear that these radiometric dating techniques agree with each other and as a whole, present a coherent picture in which the Earth was created a very long time ago.Further evidence comes from the complete agreement between radiometric dates and other dating methods such as counting tree rings or glacier ice core layers.The shroud is kept in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, northern Italy.The Catholic Church has neither formally endorsed nor rejected the shroud, but in 1958 Pope Pius XII approved of the image in association with the devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus.