To put this in another way, they framed their request in this manner because they did not believe that anything conclusive regarding the absolute dating of the Scrolls could be achieved with a technique as subject to multiple imprecisions as carbon testing was.
As a second caveat, they insisted that opposition scholars be included in the process because they were the ones must likely to understand which were the key documents that should be tested and "they were the ones who felt the most need for it.
Athanasius Yeshue Samuel, a Syrian Orthodox archbishop of Jerusalem, bought four of the original Dead Sea Scrolls from a cobbler who dabbled in antiquities, paying less than 0.
The library was hidden away in caves around the outbreak of the First Jewish Revolt (A. 66-70) as the Roman army advanced against the rebel Jews. They were led by a priest they called the "Teacher of Righteousness," who was opposed and possibly killed by the establishment priesthood in Jerusalem.
There are nonbiblical writings along the order of commentaries on the OT, paraphrases that expand on the Law, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writings. The discovery of the Scrolls has greatly enhanced our knowledge of these two languages.
The Scrolls are for the most part, written in Hebrew, but there are many written in Aramaic. In addition, there are a few texts written in Greek. The Essenes are mentioned by Josephus and in a few other sources, but not in the New testament.
One of the young shepherds tossed a rock into an opening on the side of a cliff and was surprised to hear a shattering sound.
He and his companions later entered the cave and found a collection of large clay jars, seven of which contained leather and papyrus scrolls.