The very nature of manipulation makes it challenging to know when you’re being manipulated.
Manipulators attempt to conceal their motives and feelings, and their targets—who often struggle to sustain an honest, open, and manipulation-free relationship—may have to do some detective work to determine whether they’re being played. Manipulation is the process of trying to change another person’s feelings, beliefs, or behaviors through indirect tactics.
All display arrogance and disdain toward others, experience "narcissistic injuries" when others don't treat them as superior, and can't take direct feedback about their behavior.
They are consistently very oblivious of their effect on others.
For practical purposes, though, we can divide this into two groups: the vulnerable narcissist and the grandiose narcissist.
All narcissists are self-absorbed, see themselves as superior, and lack empathy.
Randi Kreger has brought the concerns of people who have a family member with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) to an international forefront through her best-selling books, informative website, and popular online family support community Welcome to Oz.
If you read the research, you'll see that dozens of researchers have put people with NPD into various categories with different names.
In addition, they have odd ways of thinking, perceiving, and communicating similar to those of people with schizophrenia (see Schizophrenia).
Odd ways of thinking may include magical thinking and paranoid ideas.
In magical thinking, people believe that their thoughts or actions can control something or someone.
Mental health professionals use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (the DSM ) to diagnose mental disorders.
The 2000 edition of this manual (the fourth edition text revision, also called the DSM-IV-TR ) classifies HPD as a personality disorder.